The Taj Mahal is an immense mausoleum of white marble, built between 1631- 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wifeMumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal means Crown Palace; The Taj is one of the most well preserved and architecturally beautiful tombs in the world, one of the masterpieces of Indian Muslim architecture, and one of the great sites of the world's heritage.The Taj Mahal has a life of its own that leaps out of marble, provided you understand that it is a monument of love. Sir Edwin Arnold said it is not a piece of architecture, as other buildings are, but the proud passion of an emperor's love wrought in living stones. It is a celebration of woman built in marble and that is the way to appreciate it.
Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. The present-day structure was built by the Mughals, though a fort had stood there since at least the 11th century. Agra Fort was originally a brick fort, held by the Hindu SikarwarRajputs. It was mentioned for the first time in 1080 AD. In 1526, Mughals captured the fort and seized a vast treasure, including the diamond later known as the Koh-i-Noor. Architects laid the foundation and it was built with bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. Some 4,000 builders worked on it daily for eight years, completing it in 1573.It was only during the reign of Akbar's grandson, Shah Jahan, that the site took on its current state.An interesting mix of Hindu and Islamic architecture is found here.
The third Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great (1555–1605), himself commenced its construction in around 1600, according to Tartary tradition to commence the construction of one's tomb during one's lifetime.After his death, Akbar's son Jahangir completed the construction in 1605-1613..The south gate is the largest, with four white marble chhatri-topped minarets which are similar to (and pre-date) those of the TajMahal, and is the normal point of entry to the tomb. The tomb itself is surrounded by a walled enclosure 105 m square. The true tomb, as in other mausoleums, is in the basement.
Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah (Urdu: اعتماد الدولہ کا مقبرہ, I'timād-ud-Daulah kā Maqbara) is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Often described as a "jewel box", sometimes called the "Baby Tāj", the tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the Tāj Mahal.Along with the main building, the structure consists of numerous outbuildings and gardens. The tomb, built between 1622 and 1628 represents a transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture – primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations, as in Humayun's Tomb in Delhi and Akbar's tomb in Sikandra – to its second phase, based on white marble and pietra dura inlay, most elegantly realized in the Tāj Mahal.
According to contemporary historians, Akbar took a great interest in the building of FatehpurSikri and probably also dictated its architectural style. The imperial Palace complex consists of a number of independent pavilions arranged in formal geometry on a piece of level ground, a pattern derived from Arab and central Asian tent encampments. In its entirety, the monuments at FatehpurSikri thus reflect the genius of Akbar in assimilating diverse regional architectural influences within a holistic style that was uniquely his own.Main attraction of this ghost town isBulandDarwaza, JamaMaszid, Tom of SalimChishti, Diwan-i-aam, Diwan-i-khaas, Panchmahal, Birbal's House.
Buland Darwaza, or the "Gate of Magnificence", was built in 1576 A.D. by Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. It is the main entrance to the palace at Fatehpur Sikri, a town which is 43 km from Agra, India. The Buland Darwaza is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated by white and black marble and towers above the courtyard of the mosque. The Buland Darwaza is symmetrical in plan and is topped by large free standing kiosks, which are the chhatris. It also has at top center the Buland Darwaza style roof terrace edge gallery-kiosks on the roof, stylized buckler-battlements, small minar-spires, and illuminating inlay work with white and black marble.
Jama Masjid in Agra is opposite the Agra fort and overlooking the Agra Fort Railway Station. The Jama Masjid is also popularly known as the Jami Masjid or "Friday Mosque". It is one of the larger mosques in India.The Mosque was built by ShahJahan in 1648 and dedicated to his favourite daughter, Jahanara Begum. There was a spacious, octagonal Tripolia Chowk which existed between the Jama Masjid and the Delhi gate of the Agra Fort. This Tropolia was destroyed in order to create the Agra Fort Railway Station. The cloisters have engrailed arches supported on pillars.